What is Graphic Design

Hello everyone! Here is the very first article related to graphic design. In this article, we explain what is graphic design? Graphic design mainly consists of two words-

What is Graphic Design

GRAPHIC – In general, the word “graphic” means a design or a visual image displayed on a variety of surfaces such as canvas, paper, wall, or a computer monitor. In this article, we talk about computer graphics. Computer graphics include images, movies which are created with the help of hardware and software. It is an art of drawing images, charts, lines, etc. with the help of programming.

DESIGN – Most of the people has a misconception that design is related to decoration. But design means a “Solution”. A Solution of a problem or a task. To achieve something, we need a solution. For example, we talk about a chair. Though you may sit on stone but it is not comfortable as compared to a chair. So, what is the purpose of a chair? The chair is used for sitting purpose. It has a back so you can take backrest, you feel comfortable. So, there is a problem that how we can sit? To solve that problem, there is thinking behind it and then a design of the chair was invented.


Design is an evolution. It undergoes many changes with time. The person who makes graphic designs is termed as Graphic designer.


There are mainly two kinds of computer Graphics.

  • RASTER - Composed of pixels
  • VECTOR - Composed of paths

Before learning about raster and vector graphics, first, we have to understand what is Pixel? Pixel is the smallest unit of an image. A screen is made up of small boxes which are called pixels. We can say that the pixels are small lights and colors are filled in these boxes. Either you can see the vector image or raster image you see on these pixels only. The number of pixels on the screen determines the resolution of an image.


RASTER GRAPHICS – Raster images are based on pixels. If you zoom a raster image, you may see a lot of tiny squares. These squares are nothing but pixels. When you enlarge the image file without altering the number of pixels, the image get looks blurry.

There are many raster graphics editors which allow users to create and edit images on the computer screen and save them in one of many raster formats such as-

  • JPG (Joint Photographic Expert Group)
  • GIF (Graphics Interchange Format)
  • BMP (Bitmap)
  • PSD (Photoshop Document)
  • TIF (Tagged Image File)
  • PNG (Portable Network Graphics)


  • Adobe Photoshop
  • Corel Painter
  • GIMP
  • PhotoFinish
  • Photoshop Elements


Hope you will understand about raster graphics. Now let us talk about vector graphics.

VECTOR GRAPHICS – Vector graphics are independent on pixels. Vector images are mathematical calculations starting from one point to another that forms lines and shapes. If you zoom a vector image it will always look the same. When you enlarge a vector image, the mathematical formulas stay the same. They render the same visual graphic, no matter the size. Vector images can be scaled up to any size without losing the image quality.

Vector image files are easier to modify as compared to raster images. Vector images composed of geometrically calculated outlines commonly referred to as paths. Whatever color is filled inside that outline is dependent on that outline rather than pixels.


  • The most important benefit of the vector graphics is the power of scalability. As vector graphics are not made up of pixels, they are resolution independent. The vector shapes can be scaled and printed at any size without losing the image quality.
  • Another very important reason for using vector graphics is its small size. Vector objects are smaller than the raster image formats.
  • In vector graphics, data can be represented in original resolution without generalization.
  • Graphical output of the vector images is more pleasing than the raster images


Some important qualities to become a skilled graphic designer–

COMMUNICATION SKILLS — Graphic designer must have good communication skills. The main task of a designer is to communicate ideas, client’s story, and brand. But you also need presentable communication skills. A skilled graphic designer should be able to effectively communicate with the clients and other team members to ensure that they are on a path with deadlines and other goals. As a graphic designer, it is your job to negotiate with the clients and give them updates about the project. Designers must learn how to speak with the people and build strong relationships with them.

CREATIVITY — Graphic designers need to be creative thinkers. They have to convey their ideas through images and text creatively. Creativity is the most important skill that the graphic designer must have. A proficient graphic designer must be talented and have a variety of artistic skills. He/she should be creative and can come up with new and exciting ideas for designs. They need a strong portfolio of work because it shows the evidence of a creative problem and imperative execution of the design solution.

TIME MANAGEMENT SKILLS — Graphic designer should be able to handle multiple tasks simultaneously. A proficient designer should be able to work within the boundaries of the deadline and effectively manage workload to meet a deadline and give satisfaction to their clients.

OPEN-MINDEDNESS — A good graphic designer should be open minded and hears all criticism with an open mind. They are willing to change their designs based on the client’s requirements. As trends and standards will also change so, you must try with different design approaches. If you limit your design approach, you also limit your opportunities for learning.


Graphic Designer : Average salary-Rs. 274,578 per year

Job responsibilities

  • Meeting clients to discuss the business objectives and requirement
  • Developing designs that meet the purpose of the client
  • Demonstrate illustrative skills with rough sketches and working on layouts
  • Design and develop product brand identity

Art Director : Average salary- Rs. 607,591 per year

Job responsibilities

  • Determine how to represent the concept visually
  • Determine which images, art, or other design elements to use
  • Present designs to clients for their approval
  • Develop detailed budgets and timelines

Note : Salary source pay scale

Now there is a question raised in your mind that why we learn graphic designing? What is the need of graphic designing?

Nowadays, there are numerous applications of computer graphics. The graphic designer can convey and express the ideas visually. Graphic designing is the best career opportunity for the young generation because it is the need of every company. It is a fast-growing industry.

Graphic designing is career oriented. There are many career opportunities for a graphic designer. A graphic designer can do work in a reputed company as well as can do work as a freelancer. The demand for a graphic designer is increasing day by day. So, don’t miss the chance. In the upcoming article, we will tell you about the introduction of Photoshop, the most popular scalar graphics editor.

Hope now you understand what is graphic design.

History of Photoshop

Hope you will read our first article on Graphic designing. In the previous article, we learn about the theory of computer graphics and their types. In this article, we talk about Photoshop versions

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