Hope you already read our previous article of Photoshop in which we tell you about two selection tools which are the Quick selection tool and Magic wand tool. Remember one thing my friends, Photoshop needs practicing. So, we request you to practice the tools we taught you in our previous tutorials.
Now in this article, we learn about Crop tool. Hope you are familiar with this word “Crop”. Today, everybody uses smartphones to take selfies. After capturing an image, we see an option of Crop. Now, what is the meaning of cropping an image?
Cropping is a process of discarding portions of an image. It is a method of removing an unwanted area from an image. In Photoshop, the Crop tool is used to create focus or strengthen the composition. It is also used to straighten the photos in Photoshop.
Whatever area you select using the Crop tool is visible and the remaining area gets discarded. This tool is located third from the top in the tools panel of Photoshop.
Some of the students get confused between cropping and resizing an image. But these are two different things. We understand it one by one.
RESIZING – Resizing is an intrinsic change in the image size. With resizing, the size of the image changes but the entire image maintains in its original form. Image resizing is necessary when you need to increase or decrease the number of pixels of an image.
If you want to resize an image in Photoshop, then follow these steps-
There is another option of resizing an image. You can select the image by pressing Ctrl + T. Then you can resize an image by stretching it.
Cropping is a method of removing an unwanted area from an image. It reduces the dimensions of an image, but it is different from resizing. With cropping, you can cut a part of an image without altering the size of the image content.
If you want to crop an image in Photoshop, then follow these steps-
Another method –
Crop options in the Options bar
The Crop tool is not only used to crop the image. It is also helpful to add an extra area to the canvas. You can add an extra area to the canvas by stretching the grid.
In this tutorial, we work on Photoshop CS6, but if you are using Adobe Photoshop CC, you will get an extra option in the options bar that is, Content Aware. Let us see this option.
Content-aware – This tool intelligently fills the gaps when you use the Crop tool to straighten the image or expanding your canvas beyond the original size of the image. Now, follow these steps to use Content Aware-
If you want to bring back your original image, then you can go to the File menu and select Revert. Or you can press the F12 key on your keyboard. Remember it brings your image to last saved state.
Our next sub-tool of Crop tool is Perspective crop tool.
This tool helps you to transform a perspective in a photo while cropping. This tool is basically used to deal with those images which contain keystone distortion. Keystone distortion occurs when an object is photographed from a particular angle instead of from a straight view. This tool allows you to change the perspective of an image while cropping.
SLICE TOOL - Slice tool is another useful tool used to crop an image. This tool is used mostly to make web pages. As the name suggests, the slice tool divides an image into smaller images that are reassembled on the web page using the HTML table or CSS layers.
After dividing an image, you can assign different URL’s to create page navigation. You export and optimize a sliced image using Save for Web and Devices command. Photoshop sustain each slice as a separate file and create the HTML or CSS code requires to display the sliced picture.
The slice tool allows you to divide an image into smaller areas which mesh like a jigsaw (with straight edges). There are two tools-
Things to keep in mind while working with slices-
Types of slices
Slice are categorized by their type of content (Table, Image, No image) and by the way they are created (user, layer-based, auto).
Slices which are created using the Slice tool are referred to as User slices. These slices are defined by a solid line. Slices which are created from a layer are called layer-based slices. These slices are defined by a dotted line.
Whenever you create a user slice or layer-based slice, additional auto-slices are created for the remaining areas of the image. It fills the gaps in the image that are not defined by the user slices and layer-based slices.
A subslice is a type of auto slice which is generated when you create overlapping slices. It indicates how the image is divided when you save the optimized file. Slices are created using various methods-
Normally, the slice tool is used to slice a web page. So, let us see how to slice a web page.
You can also create a Slice from guides. Follow these steps-
Create a slice from a layer
A layer-based slice surrounds all the pixel data in the layer. If you edit the contents of layer or you can move it then the slice area automatically adjusts to include the new pixels. These slices are less flexible than user slices. You can easily convert a user slice into a layer-based slice.
To create a layer-based slice, select a layer in the layers panel. Choose Layer from the menu bar and select Layer based slice.
View slices and slice options
You can view slices in the Photoshop and Save for web and devices dialog box. The following characteristics help you to identify and differentiate between the slices.
SLICE SELECT TOOL - This tool is used to select and modify the existing slices.
So, here we finish our Photoshop tutorial part 06. Hope, you will understand the Crop tool and its 3 sub tools. In the next tutorial, we meet with another interesting tool of Photoshop.
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